Two Dollars

The two dollar coin was first introduced on 20 June 1988. Planning for a two dollar coin commenced around the same time as that for the one dollar coin. Like the one dollar, the two dollar coin replaced the note of the same denomination which had a short service life through high use.

The image on the Australian two dollar coin represents an archetype of an Aboriginal tribal elder, designed by Horst Hahne.

Numerous designers were invited to contribute designs for the two dollar coin based on a brief to include a representation of the head and shoulders of an Aboriginal Australian, the Southern Cross and Australian flora.

The selected design was inspired by an artwork by Ainslie Roberts and modified in line with coin production requirements. Roberts used some features of Gwoya Tjungurrayi, otherwise known as One Pound Jimmy, as inspiration when creating a portrait depicting a traditional Aboriginal tribal elder. The rest of the features were derived from Roberts’ imagination and visual memory developed after drawing thousands of images of Indigenous people.

The size of the two dollar was determined after consideration of the needs of the visually impaired community, security considerations, a desire to avoid shaped coins, practical limitations to the diameter and thickness of coins, and to allow for future expansion of Australia's circulating coin array. When introduced, it was necessary to accommodate this new coin with seven existing denominations.

This denomination has since been used for commemorative designs. 
 

Nominal Specifications

Composition: 92% Copper – 6% Aluminium – 2% Nickel
Shape: Circular
Edge: Interrupted Milled
Mass: 6.60 grams
Diameter: 20.50 millimetres


Mintage Figures

Reverse Design

Design Details

Year

Mintage
(millions)

Mint*

Australian Two Dollar - HH Reverse (Initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The 1988 and 1989 dated coins carried the designer’s initials.

1988

1989

160.9

31.6

RAM

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards.

1990

10.3

RAM

 

No two dollar coins were produced in 1991.

1991

-

-

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

15.5

4.9

22.1

15.5

13.9

19.0

8.7

27.3

5.7

35.6

29.7

13.7

20.0

45.5

40.5

26.0

47.0

74.5

36.5

1.8

5.9

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Remembrance Day Poppy

Commemorating Remembrance Day with an image of a poppy. Designed by Aaron Baggio.

2012

5.8

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Remembrance Day Red Poppy

Commemorating Remembrance Day with an image of a red poppy. Designed by Aaron Baggio.

2012

0.5

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Diamond Jubilee QEII Reverse

Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II with concentric purple stripes and a central design feature of St Edward’s Crown. Designed by Aleksandra Stokic.

2013

1.0

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards

2013

2014

35.1

39.9

RAM

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Remembrance Day Dove

Commemorating Remembrance Day with a dove and olive branch surrounded by concentric green stripes and rays of sunlight inspired by the original Rising Sun badge of the Australian Commonwealth Military Forces. Designed by Royal Australian Mint.

2014

1.85

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards

2015

22.053 RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Lest We Forget Reverse

Commemorating 100 years since the Anzac Cove landings, inspired by the poppy, the distinctive and powerful red coloured print encapsulates the solemn words ‘Lest We Forget’. Designed by Aleksandra Stokic.

2015

1.46

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Remembrance Day Flanders Field Reverse

Commemorating In Flanders Fields sculpted larks surround orange coloured rings representing the sunset glow. Designed by Royal Australian Mint.

2015

2.15

RAM

2016 obverse design to celebrate the 50th anniversary of decimal currency

2016

2.88

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards

2016

35.77

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

An artistic depiction of Napier Waller’s mosaic from the Australian War Memorial’s Hall of Memory. Designed by Royal Australian Mint.

2017

2.9**

RAM

Australian Two Dollar - Hahne Reverse (no initials)

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards

2017

0.6**

RAM

The distinctive pointed leaves and purple flowers of the herb rosemary make a moving and evocative design. Designed by the Royal Australian Mint.

2017

- -

A striking and evocative design that is inspired by the Eternal Flame at the Australian War Memorial. Designed by the Royal Australian Mint.

2018

- -

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designer’s initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards

2018

- -

Notes for using these tables: These are final mintages where the numbers have been published in an Annual Report and all coins have been issued. Items marked not available will be updated when they pass the Annual Report and issue test.

*All $2 coins have been struck at the Royal Australian Mint

** Partial Numbers for 2017 - Total production to be confirmed, once the 2017-2018 Annual Report is released.