One Dollar

The one dollar coin was first introduced on 14 May 1984. Planning for a one dollar coin commenced as early as the mid-1970s. It was recognised that Australia needed a higher value coin which could be practically used in coin operated machines and to replace the one dollar note which had a short service life through high use.

Mr Stuart Devlin was commissioned to design the reverse of the new coin. The five kangaroos design was chosen from submissions received from the designer.

This denomination has since been used for commemorative designs.  

Nominal specifications

Composition: 92% Copper – 6% Aluminium – 2% Nickel
Shape: Circular
Edge: Interrupted Milled
Mass: 9.00 grams
Diameter: 25.00 millimetres


Mintage Figures

Reverse Design

Design Details

Year

Mintage
(millions)

Mint*

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

1984

1985

186.3

96.2

RAM

RAM

Commemorating the International Year of Peace. Sculpted by Horst Hahne.

1986

25.2

RAM

 

No one dollar coins were produced in 1987.

1987

-

-

Commemorating the Australian Bicentenary. Designed by Stuart Devlin

1988

21.6

RAM

 

No one dollar coins were produced in 1989, 1990 or 1991.

1989

1990

1991

-

-

-

-

-

-

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

1992

0.008

RAM

The environmental theme reflects the relationship between the environment and water quality by depicting a tree sculpted in the flowing form of water. The design incorporates the logo of Landcare Australia to raise awareness.

Designed and sculpted by Vladimir Gottwald.

1993

18.2

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

1994

1995

47.6

21.4

RAM

RAM

Commemorating the centenary of the Constitutional Conventions that led to Federation and the role of Sir Henry Parkes, widely acknowledged as the “Father of Federation”. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

1996

26.6

RAM

Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, aviation pioneer. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

1997

24.4

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

1998

16.2

RAM

Commemorating the International Year of Older Persons, incorporating the United Nations logo for that year. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

1999

29.3

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2000

7.6

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of Federation. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2001

27.9

RAM

Commemorating the International Year of Volunteers. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2001

6.0

RAM

Commemorating the Year of the Outback. The logo depicts a stylised outline of Australia incorporating the Southern Cross. Reaching towards the Southern Cross are trails representing the stories or marks left first by Indigenous Australians, then by white settlers, explorers and pioneers. Designed by Elizabeth Robinson and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2002

35.4

RAM

Commemorating Australia’s Volunteers. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2003

4.1

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of Women’s Suffrage. Sculpted by Vladimir Gottwald.

2003

10.0

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2004

2005

8.8

5.8

RAM

RAM

Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the end of World War 2. The design was inspired by a newsreel image. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2005

34.2

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2006

38.9

RAM

Commemorating Australia’s hosting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC). Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2007

20.1

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of Scouting in Australia. Sculpted by Caitlin Goodall.

2008

17.2

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2008

30.1

RAM

100th year of the Age Pension. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2009

21.3

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2009

2010

21.2

16.7

RAM

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of Girl Guiding in Australia. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2010

12.6

RAM

Commemorating the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Perth, Australia.

2011

9.4

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2011

17.9

RAM

 

No one dollar coins were produced in 2012

2012

-

-

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2013

2014

2015

20.9

1.052

22.3

RAM

RAM

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018.

2014

21.9

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018.

2015

1.4

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2016

30.2

RAM

2016 obverse design to celebrate the 50th anniversary of decimal currency

2016

0.56

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018.

2016

2.19

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2017

11.0

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018.

2017

1.9

RAM

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

2018

0.2**

RAM

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018.

2018

2.0**

RAM

Notes for using these tables

These are final mintages where the numbers have been published in an Annual Report and all coins have been issued. Items marked not available will be updated when they pass the Annual Report and issue test.

*All $1 coins have been struck at the Royal Australian Mint

** Partial Numbers for 2018 - Total production to be confirmed, once the 2018-2019 Annual Report is released.