One Dollar

The one dollar coin was first introduced on 14 May 1984. Planning for a one dollar coin commenced as early as the mid-1970s. It was recognised that Australia needed a higher value coin which could be practically used in coin operated machines and to replace the one dollar note which had a short service life through high use.

Mr Stuart Devlin was commissioned to design the reverse of the new coin. The five kangaroos design was chosen from submissions received from the designer.

Nominal specifications

Composition: 92% Copper – 6% Aluminium – 2% Nickel
Shape: Circular
Edge: Interrupted Milled
Mass: 9.00 grams
Diameter: 25.00 millimetres


Mintage Figures

Reverse Design

Design Details

 Year 

 Mintage
(millions)

 Mint* 

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

Five Kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin

1984

1985

186.3

96.2

RAM

RAM

Australian One Dollar - International Year of Peace Reverse

Commemorating the International Year of Peace. Sculpted by Horst Hahne.

1986

25.2

RAM

 

No one dollar coins were produced in 1987.

1987

-

-

Australian One Dollar - Bicentennary Reverse

Commemorating the Australian Bicentenary. Designed by Stuart Devlin.

1988

21.6

RAM

 

No one dollar coins were produced
in 1989, 1990 or 1991.

1989

1990

1991

-

-

-

-

-

-

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

1992

0.008

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Landcare Reverse

The environmental theme reflects the relationship between the environment and water quality by depicting a tree sculpted in the flowing form of water. The design incorporates the logo of Landcare Australia to raise awareness. Designed and sculpted by Vladimir Gottwald.

1993

18.2

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

1994

1995

47.6

21.4

RAM

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Parkes Reverse

Commemorating the centenary of the Constitutional Conventions that led to Federation and the role of Sir Henry Parkes, widely acknowledged as the “Father of Federation”. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

1996

26.2

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Kingsford-Smith Reverse

Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, aviation pioneer. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

1997

24.4

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

1998

16.2

RAM

Australian One Dollar - International Year of Older Persons Reverse

Commemorating the International Year of Older Persons, incorporating the United Nations logo for that year. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

1999

29.3

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2000

7.6

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Centenary of Federation Reverse

Commemorating the Centenary of Federation. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2001

27.9

RAM

Australian One Dollar - International Year of Volunteers Reverse

Commemorating the International Year of Volunteers. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2001

6.0

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Year of the Outback Reverse

Commemorating the Year of the Outback. The logo depicts a stylised outline of Australia incorporating the Southern Cross. Reaching towards the Southern Cross are trails representing the stories or marks left first by Indigenous Australians, then by white settlers, explorers and pioneers. Designed by Elizabeth Robinson and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2002

35.4

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Australia's Volunteers Reverse

Commemorating Australia’s Volunteers. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2003

4.1

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Centenary of Women's Suffrage Reverse

Commemorating the Centenary of Women’s Suffrage. Sculpted by Vladimir Gottwald.

2003

10.0

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2004

2005

8.8

5.8

RAM

RAM

Australian One Dollar - 60th Anniversay of the end of WWII Reverse

Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the end of World War 2. The design was inspired by a newsreel image. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2005

34.2

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2006

38.9

RAM

Australian One Dollar - APEC Reverse

Commemorating Australia’s hosting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC). Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2007

20.1

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Centenary of Scouting Reverse

Commemorating the Centenary of Scouting in Australia. Sculpted by Caitlin Goodall.

2008

17.2

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2008

30.1

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Age Pension Reverse

100th year of the Age Pension. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2009

21.3

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2009

2010

21.2

16.7

RAM

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Girl Guide Reverse

Commemorating the Centenary of Girl Guiding in Australia. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

2010

12.6

RAM

Australian One Dollar - CHOGM Reverse

Commemorating the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Perth, Australia.

2011

9.4

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2011

17.9

RAM

 

No one dollar coins were produced in 2012

2012

-

-

Australian One Dollar - Mob of Roos Reverse

 

2013

2014

2015

20.9

1.1

N/A

RAM

RAM

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Centenary of Anzac 2014

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC
2014-2018.

2014

21.8

RAM

Australian One Dollar - Centenary of Anzac 2014

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC
2014-2018.

2015

N/A

 

Notes for using these tables: These are final mintages where the numbers have been published in an Annual Report and all coins have been issued. Items marked not available will be updated when they pass the Annual Report and issue test.

*All $1 coins have been struck at the Royal Australian Mint