Skip to content

two dollars

The $2 coin was first introduced on 20 June 1988. Planning for a $2 coin commenced around the same time as that for the $1 coin. Like the $1 coin, the $2 coin replaced the note of the same denomination which had a short service life through high use.

A number of designers were invited to contribute designs for the $2 based on a design brief to include a representation of the head and shoulders of a traditional Australian Aboriginal, a representation of the Southern Cross and a representation of Australian flora. The selected design was prepared by Mr Horst Hahne, with inspiration taken from a drawing by Mr Ainslie Roberts.

The size of the $2 was determined after consideration of the needs of the visually impaired community, security considerations, a desire to avoid shaped coins, practical limitations to the diameter and thickness of coins, and to allow for future expansion of Australia's circulating coin array. When introduced, it was necessary to accommodate this new coin with seven existing denominations.

Nominal specifications

composition 92% copper 6% aluminium 2% nickel
shape circular
edge interrupted milled
mass (grams) 6.60
diameter (millimetres) 20.50


Mintage figures

Reverse Design Year and design details Production details

All $2 coins have been struck at the Royal Australian Mint

2 dollars reverse image - traditional Australian Aboriginal

1988-89

Designed by Horst Hahne. The 1988 and 1989 dated coins carried the designers initials.

1988: 160.9 million, RAM
1989: 31.6 million, RAM

2 dollars reverse image - traditional Australian Aboriginal - HH initials removed

1990

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designers initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards.

10.3 million, RAM

No $2 coins were produced in 1991.

2 dollars reverse image - traditional Australian Aboriginal - HH initials removed

1992-present

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designers initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards.

1992: 15.5 million, RAM
1993: 4.9 million, RAM
1994: 22.1 million, RAM
1995: 15.5 million, RAM
1996: 13.9 million, RAM
1997: 19 million, RAM
1998: 8.7 million, RAM
1999: 27.3 million, RAM
2000: 5.7 million, RAM
2001: 35.6 million, RAM
2002: 29.7 million, RAM
2003: 13.7 million, RAM
2004: 20 million, RAM
2005: 45.5 million, RAM
2006: 40.5 million, RAM
2007: 26.0 million, RAM
2008: 47.0 million, RAM
2009: 74.5 million, RAM
2010: 36.5 million, RAM
2011: 1.8 million, RAM
2012: 5.9 million, RAM

2 dollars reverse image - remembrance day poppy with no colour

2012

Commemorating Remembrance Day with an image of a poppy.
Designed by: Aaron Baggio

2012: 5.8 million, RAM

2 dollars reverse image - remembrance day poppy with colour

2012

Commemorating Remembrance Day with an image of a red poppy.
Designed by: Aaron Baggio

2012: 0.5 million, RAM

2 dollars reverse image - 60th anniversary of the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

2013

Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II with concentric purple stripes and a central design feature of St Edward's Crown.
Designed by: Aleksandra Stokic

2013: 1.0 million, RAM

2 dollars reverse image - traditional Australian Aboriginal - HH initials removed

2013-2014

Designed by Horst Hahne. The designers initials were removed from the coins from 1990 onwards.

2013: 35.1 million, RAM
2014: not available

2 dollars reverse image - colour printed Remembrance Day 2014

2014

Commemorating Remembrance Day with a dove and olive branch surrounded by concentric green stripes and rays of sunlight inspired by the original Rising Sun badge of the Australian Commonwealth Military Forces.
Designed by: Royal Australian Mint

2014: not available

Notes for using these tables: These are final mintages where the numbers have been published in an Annual Report and all coins have been issued. Items marked not available will be updated when they pass the Annual Report and issue test.