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one dollar

The $1 coin was first introduced on 14 May 1984. Planning for a $1 coin commenced as early as the mid-1970s. It was recognised that Australia needed a higher value coin which could be practically used in coin operated machines and to replace the $1 note which had a short service life through high use.

Mr Stuart Devlin was commissioned to design the reverse of the new coin. The five kangaroos design was chosen from submissions received from the designer.

Nominal specifications

composition 92% copper 6% aluminium 2% nickel
shape circular
edge interrupted milled
mass (grams) 9.00
diameter (millimetres) 25.00

Mintage figures

Reverse Design Year and design details Production details

All $1 coins have been struck at the Royal Australian Mint

1 dollar reverse image

1984-85

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

1984: 186.3 million, RAM
1985: 96.2 million, RAM

1 dollar reverse image

1986

Commemorating the International Year of Peace. Sculpted by Horst Hahne.
25.2 million, RAM

No $1 coins were produced in 1987.

1 dollar reverse image

1988

Commemorating the Australian Bicentenary. Designed by Stuart Devlin.
21.6 million, RAM

No $1 coins were produced in 1989, 1990 or 1991.

1 dollar reverse image

1992

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

0.008 million, RAM

1 dollar reverse image

1993

The environmental theme of this $1 coin design reflects the relationship between the environment and water quality by depicting a tree sculpted in the flowing form of water. The design incorporates the logo of Landcare Australia to raise awareness of their work. Designed and sculpted by Vladimir Gottwald

18.2 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

1994-95

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

1994: 47.6 million, RAM
1995: 21.4 million, RAM

1 dollar reverse image

1996

Commemorating the centenary of the Constitutional Conventions that led to Federation and the role of Sir Henry Parkes, widely acknowledged as the "Father of Federation". Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
1996: 26.2 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

1997

Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, aviation pioneer. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
24.4 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

1998

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

16.2 million, RAM

1 dollar reverse image

1999

Commemorating the International Year of Older Persons and incorporating the United Nations logo for that year. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
29.3 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2000

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.
7.6 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2001

Commemorating the Centenary of Federation and incorporating the Centenary of Federation logo. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

27.9 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2001

Commemorating the International Year of Volunteers and incorporating the United Nations logo for that year. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
6 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2002

Commemorating the Year of the Outback. The logo depicts a stylised outline of Australia and incorporates the Southern Cross. Reaching towards the Southern Cross are trails representing the stories or marks left first by Indigenous Australians, then by white settlers, explorers and pioneers. Designed by Elizabeth Robinson and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

35.4 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2003

Commemorating Australia's Volunteers. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.

4.1 million, RAM

1 dollar reverse image

2003

Commemorating the Centenary of Women's Suffrage. Sculpted by Vladimir Gottwald.

10 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2004-05

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

2004: 8.8 million, RAM
2005: 5.8 million, RAM

1 dollar reverse image

2005

Commemorating the 60th anniversary of the end of World War 2. The design was inspired by a newsreel image. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
34.2 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2006

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.
38.9 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2007

Commemorating Australia's hosting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC). The APEC Australia logo is a star formed by 21 elements to represent the number of countries participating in the forum. Sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
20.1 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image - centenary of scouting in Australia

2008

Commemorating the centenary of scouting in Australia. Sculpted by Caitlin Goodall.
17.2 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2008

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.
2008: 30.1 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image - 100th year of the age pension

2009

100th year of the age pension. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
2009: 21.3 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2009-2010

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.
2009: 21.2 million, RAM
2010: 16.7 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image - Girl Guides Centenary

2010

Commemorating the centenary of girl guiding in Australia. Designed and sculpted by Wojciech Pietranik.
2010: 12.6 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image -CHOGM

2011

Commemorating the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Perth, Australia.
2011: 9.4 million, RAM
1 dollar reverse image

2011

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

2011: 17.9 million, RAM

No $1 coins were produced in 2012.

1 dollar reverse image

2013-present

Five kangaroos designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin.

2013: 20.9 million, RAM
2014: not available

1 dollar reverse image

2014

Commemorating the Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018.

2014: not available

Notes for using these tables: These are final mintages where the numbers have been published in an Annual Report and all coins have been issued. Items marked not available will be updated when they pass the Annual Report and issue test.